Parallels in Revelation: Chapters 1-12

God’s Throne in Revelation Rev Ch 4

When we turn the page and begin to read the story in Revelation chapter 4, we are tempted to begin interpreting the passages based on what we’ve been taught. In this case, we are going to look at a few details, and also look for key words that need an explanation. Then we are going to gather all the information on those key words.

Revelation 4:1 MKJV After these things I looked, and behold, a door was opened in Heaven. And the first voice which I heard was as it were of a trumpet talking with me, saying, Come up here, and I will show you what must occur after these things.

The first words, “After these things,” establishes a timeline. To find out what details this event follows, we have to look back at chapter 3.

Revelation 3:20-22 MKJV (20) Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears My voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and will dine with him and he with Me. (21) To him who overcomes I will grant to sit with Me in My throne, even as I also overcame and have sat down with My Father in His throne. (22) He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.

The Bible is telling us, we can’t hope to understand this story unless we understand the previous story. In other words, we have to learn to listen to Jesus to progress through this series of visions and symbols. We just learned another important Bible Study lesson. How to follow directions.

We have to be in tune to how the Bible is designed to direct us to one place or another for answers. Answers to what? Answers to questions the Holy Spirit places in our heads. The Holy Spirit uses printed words in the Bible to place questions in our heads. Those directions show us how to locate answers. It is as simple as that.

The simple Bible Study method learned at the beginning of Revelation chapter 4 is, this book is written as a book. It is designed to be read as a book. Like any other book, it can only be understood as a whole. No book or novel in this world can be explained by pulling out a single sentence and adding preconceived ideas about what the reader thinks the rest of the story is trying to convey. No one would do that with any of the classic novels. Why do people give Jesus less respect than an author who has sold millions of books? The Bible is and always will be the best selling book in the world. The major difference is, the Bible is the only inspired book from cover to cover. The Bible deserves more respect than any book in this world. Jesus earned respect in ways no other author has been able to earn or convey in words. It’s time we place the Bible where it should be. In terms of its literary style, each book in the Bible follows the same literary rules as all other books. Each chapter and story has an introduction and a summary. Each book in the Bible uses repetition to draw the reader’s attention to important details. Each book in the Bible describes the scene before explaining what happened at that location. The difference is, the Bible shows bits and pieces of the future. The Bible was inspired by the only living God who can look into the future. That does not give readers literary freedom to take a sentence about the future then attempt to explain that scene based on their personal feelings. That my friend is leaving the original Author behind while attempting to play god.

Parallels in Revelation: Chapters 1-12
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When we read the Bible, we have to be aware of our senses. Every author wants to take the mind of the reader out of their environment and into the scene where the event they described takes place. That’s exactly what a great author does. Book publishers look far and wide for authors with that special gift. What the world doesn’t understand is, that gift comes from God. The same source that inspired the Bible.

When we open a book, we are placing our minds in the hands of the author. Yes, words can and will influence our thoughts and imagination. Every great author knows how to captivate the imagination. If the Bible is not doing that for you, that’s because the world has done something to steer your imagination away from God’s inspired Word. When you turn your imagination away from God, your heart is not far away.

What turns people away from God? Let’s look at the facts. The devil watches every move you make. The devil closely observes every influence in your life. When the devil sees circumstances in your life turning you towards God, Jesus, and His Word, the devil sends ten detours to deflect your path. How does the devil do that?

Maybe your first introduction to Jesus and the Bible was at a funeral. When you were a child, your grandmother died. You loved her. Death was a new experience for you. Your mind told you, this life will never change. The times you spent with your grandmother were the happiest moments of your life. You talked, laughed, cooked, and gardened together. You could still smell the flowers and see the colors swaying in the summer breeze. There was not a subject in the world your grandma could not explain. Then suddenly that security and happiness were gone. You went to the funeral. The preacher opened the Bible and read a few words. You didn’t know anything about the Bible, but the preacher told you God took your grandmother away from you. The devil was also there. He took a few words from that preacher and introduced thoughts he wanted to stick in your mind for the rest of your life. You looked at God as someone who only takes. You looked at that large black book the preacher read from as a book of horrors. In one scene the devil branded the depths of your mind and soul for eternity. What was natural event in life was twisted around by the devil as an unnatural form of pain and revenge sent from God. You only received a small part of the story of life and death found in the Bible. An example showing how the devil uses tiny parts of the Bible to introduce concepts he wants to paste into your mind and imagination. The devil doesn’t want anyone to read the Bible. Little bits and pieces are okay as far as the devil is concerned. If the devil makes you think all you need is little bits and pieces of the Bible, he accomplished what he set out to do. The devil convinced you to disrespect God’s literary skills.

Other people are given different impressions. Events the devil uses to set their minds against God and the Bible. The devil prefers to scar people for life at an early age. Then pick at those wounds day after day for the rest of their lives. The devil looks in your brain, knows how it functions, and knows how to place memories in just the right spot so when the Holt Spirit wants to leave an impression, the devil has his scar tissue covering the most sensitive and impressionable sections of the human brain, mind, and emotions.

When Jesus walked this world, He healed the most serious illnesses and deformities. Jesus cured the blind so they could see. Jesus relied on God’s power, who knows how the eye is designed, and how the devil was able to either injure or mutate those eyes. Jesus cured lepers, a woman suffering from defective reproduction organs, a woman hunched over from bone disease, paralyzed men, and a number of other diseases.

Each of those diseases carries a sort of spiritual concept or idea. Each is designed to reach people who were attacked and wounded by the devil long before they opened the Bible for the first time. Before anyone opens the Bible, the devil has already been hard at work for years to set up different types of mental prejudices and preconceived ideas to mislead people in the scriptures. Without the Holy Spirit, the devil has no way of knowing exactly how the Bible works. The Bible proved, the devil has no way of knowing how any prophecy will be fulfilled. So the devil uses a shotgun approach to mislead people. He introduces as many false beliefs, concepts, ideas, and doctrines as he can. The devil may not know what the Bible is actually saying, but he can come in with with a million wrong concepts.

God always has a plan on the spiritual level. Everyday the Bible reaches people on a spiritual level the devil can’t figure out, and can’t properly prepare for. Some people see their lives in the blind man in one story. Or maybe it is in the woman who is rejected by society because of her bleeding issue. Maybe one of the stories about a leper described how a person felt when they finally turned to the Bible for an answer. People turn to the Bible for answers at the lowest moments of their life. And the Holy Spirit supplies the answers they are looking for. The Holy Spirit directs them to a spiritual symbol in the Bible, and circumstances in life reveal the spiritual meaning. Anyone and everyone can have that connection with the Holy Spirit. But not everyone does. Too many people allow the devil to keep picking at the scars the devil placed on their mind and heart so they never heal.

Some people are in fact reached by a sermon in one way or another. Let’s look at the facts. The person giving that sermon doesn’t know a thing about the scars you carry. They may not even know about the concept of how and why the devil covers people with scars. Somehow the Holy Spirit was able to reach that preacher when they were writing down that sermon. Actually that preacher has no idea what part of their sermon will reach an individual or how it will touch them. But the Spirit does. The Spirit is working working overtime to reach not only you, but a number of people sitting in those pews. You have no idea how other people are influenced by the words that preacher is saying. But that is only the beginning. Expecting a sermon to remove those scars is like looking at a bottle of medicine and saying you have faith it will heal you. Opening the Bible with the Holy Spirit at your side is like diving into that medicine and allowing that healing power to flow into every part of your body. So why do so many people allow the devil to convince them, the preacher has all the answers? Why do so many people stop at the first healing step, and allow the devil to stop them in their tracks? The Spirit is opening doors, windows, taking the roof off your soul to open your mind to concepts that preacher never saw, and you could never expect to see. Something is holding you back, and that something is not God. It is you and your cooperation with the devil.

Now let’s take a look at how the Holy Spirit works with an individual when they open the Bible. In Revelation chapter 4 we have an introduction. John is introducing us to God’s throne. A door is open in Heaven. Are you walking through that door, or are you going to allow fear to hold you back? Or is the the devil using the things he taught you over the years to hold you back? The author of Hebrews also wrote about God’s throne. We should take a look at what the inspired word says about God’s throne.

So let us come boldly to the throne of our gracious God. There we will receive his mercy, and we will find grace to help us when we need it most. (Hebrews 4:16 NLTse).

Whoever wrote the Book of Hebrews knew something about the healing power that emanates from God’s throne. It’s time we stop thinking that power comes full strength from any other source, and go the only source of healing that can and will remove all those scares from our body, mind, heart, and soul.

Parallels in Revelation: Chapters 1-12
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Jesus opened another story for us by sending us back to the Tabernacle. I’ve written a number of books on the Tabernacle, but every time I read the story in the Bible, I find out I missed 99% of the spiritual meanings locked inside those stories. That is another feature that makes the Bible unique.

The Tabernacle has an alter in the outer courtyard. It is the first thing you would pass if you were to walk through the Tabernacle. In short terms, the alter represents Jesus’ sacrifice outside the city gates. Outside the walls of the stone temple.

Past the alter is the Tabernacle tent. The tent is designed with two chambers, the Holy and Most Holy. The first room contains a few important items, the lamp, incense alter, and the table. The lamp sheds light. “Thy word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path.” (Psalms 119:105 RSVA). The alter represents prayer, which is communication with God. “The smoke of the incense, mixed with the prayers of God’s holy people, ascended up to God from the altar where the angel had poured them out.” (Revelation 8:4 NLTse). The table is set with bread, bowls, and eating utensils. The table represents an opportunity to sit down with Jesus, where He will illuminate your mind and prepare you for the next step. “Behold, I stand at the door and knock; if any one hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and eat with him, and he with me.” (Revelation 3:20 RSVA).

The last room is the Most Holy room. “Place the incense altar just outside the inner curtain that shields the Ark of the Covenant, in front of the Ark’s cover–the place of atonement–that covers the tablets inscribed with the terms of the covenant. I will meet with you there.”

(Exodus 30:6 NLTse). The Most Holy room contains the Ark of testimony with the Ten Commandments covered by the mercy seat. Now comes the hard part.

Why are some people afraid to approach God’s throne? Is it because the devil has trained them to fear God and His Ten Commandments? Israel displayed that fear when God spoke to them and gave them those Ten Commandments for the first time. Israel told Moses to go up to God, then come back and tell them what He had to say. That explains a lot. The devil saw how effective fear can be. The devil found how easy it was to use God’s Ten Commandments against Him. And the devil is still up to his old tricks.

You are either going to fear or respect those Ten Commandments. Don’t give me that baloney about fear means respect. Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God, and serve him, and shalt swear by his name. (Deuteronomy 6:13 KJV). In this context the word fear means to reverence. It also means to be frightened. But which one do you choose? Are you afraid of God and His law, or do you reverence God and His law? Let’s examine the facts.

The Most Holy room represents the judgment process that takes place in front of God’s throne. People are either judged by the law, or Jesus stands in their place. That is the simple explanation Christians have to be taught to accept. In one sense it is true. In reality it doesn’t tell the whole story. Fear without reverence amounts to nothing. One without the other is useless. You have to learn to understand fear. That is why the lamp, incense alter, and table is in front of the thin curtain that separates the Holy from the Most Holy place.

When we take a second walk through the Tabernacle, we first notice the alter of sacrifice. Many people never get past that alter. That’s all they’ve been told about the plan of salvation. That is as far as Satan wants people to go. People have been trained to think that’s as far as they need to progress. Beyond that alter is a water basin called a laver. The laver represents cleansing and humility. Two attributes a person must posses before entering the first room in the Tabernacle. Since many people have been taught to remain at the alter and progress no further, they are satisfied with thinking, all they need to do is claim Jesus’ sacrifice and they are safe. That is stopping at the alter of sacrifice and progressing no further.

People have a tendency to jump from the alter of sacrifice into the mysterious inner room containing the Ark and Commandments. All they know is fear. They skipped the cleansing, which is removing misleading concepts the world teaches. They skipped the humility part of the Tabernacle. They also skipped over the light, the learning process with Jesus, and the prayers. Of course many people tried that concept of prayer, but we have to remember, the disciples were smart enough to ask Jesus how to pray.

When people make a process of their own, or accept a man made process over the progression designed into the Tabernacle, of course they are going to be consumed by fear when they decide to jump in front of God’s throne without following proper protocol. That is only natural. But when we do stop at the alter, study and understand Jesus’ sacrifice, go to the laver to be cleansed and humbled, return to that alter to review what we’ve learned, then progress into the first room, we are ready to be illuminated, fed by Jesus, and pray before approaching God’s throne.

Here is one example showing how the Spirit guides us through His Word. I turned to Revelation chapter 4. This time I was guided to the word, “throne.” I used a Bible program to provide a list of verses the word throne is found in the Book of Revelation. The information I found surprised me.

Taken from the MKJV

Rev_1:4 John to the seven churches which are in Asia. Grace to you and peace from Him who is and who was and who is coming; and from the seven spirits which are before His throne;

Rev_3:21 To him who overcomes I will grant to sit with Me in My throne, even as I also overcame and have sat down with My Father in His throne.

Rev_4:2 And immediately I became in spirit. And behold, a throne was set in Heaven, and One sat upon the throne.

Rev_4:3 And He who sat there looked like a jasper stone and a sardius. And a rainbow was around the throne, looking like an emerald.

Rev_4:4 And around the throne I saw twenty-four thrones. And on the thrones I saw twenty-four elders sitting, clothed in white clothing. And they had crowns of gold on their heads.

Rev_4:5 And out of the throne came lightnings and thunderings and voices. And seven lamps of fire were burning in front of the throne, which are the seven spirits of God.

Rev_4:6 And a sea of glass was in front of the throne, like crystal. And in the midst of the throne, and around the throne, were four living creatures, full of eyes in front and behind.

Rev_4:9 And whenever the living creatures gave glory and honor and thanks to Him who sat on the throne, who lives forever and ever,

Rev_4:10 the twenty-four elders fell down before the One sitting on the throne. And they worshiped Him who lives for ever and ever, and threw their crowns before the throne, saying,

Rev_5:1 And I saw a book on the right of Him sitting on the throne, written inside and on the back, sealed with seven seals.

Rev_5:6 And I looked, and lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four living creatures, amidst the elders, a Lamb stood, as if it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth.

Rev_5:7 And He came and took the book out of the right hand of Him sitting on the throne.

Rev_5:11 And I looked, and I heard the voice of many angels around the throne, and the living creatures and the elders. And the number of them was myriads and myriads, and thousands of thousands,

Rev_5:13 And I heard every creature which is in the Heaven and on the earth, and under the earth, and those that are in the sea, and all who are in them, saying, Blessing and honor and glory and power be to Him sitting on the throne, and to the Lamb forever and ever.

Rev_6:16 And they said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us and hide us from the face of Him sitting on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb;

Rev_7:9 After these things I looked, and lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, out of all nations and kindreds and people and tongues, stood before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, with palms in their hands.

Rev_7:10 And they cried with a loud voice, saying, Salvation to our God sitting on the throne, and to the Lamb.

Rev_7:11 And all the angels stood around the throne, and the elders, and the four living creatures, and they fell before the throne on their faces and worshiped God,

Rev_7:15 Therefore they are before the throne of God, and they serve Him day and night in His temple. And He sitting on the throne will dwell among them.

Rev_7:17 For the Lamb who is in the midst of the throne will feed them and will lead them to the fountains of living waters. And God will wipe away all tears from their eyes.

Rev_8:3 And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer. And many incenses were given to him, so that he should offer it with the prayers of all saints on the golden altar before the throne.

Rev_12:5 And she bore a son, a male, who is going to rule all nations with a rod of iron. And her child was caught up to God and to His throne.

Rev_14:3 And they sang as it were a new song before the throne and before the four living creatures and the elders. And no one could learn that song except the hundred and forty-four thousands who were redeemed from the earth.

Rev_14:5 And in their mouth was found no guile, for they were without blemish before the throne of God.

Rev_16:10 And the fifth angel poured out his vial on the throne of the beast, and its kingdom became darkened. And they gnawed their tongues from the pain.

Rev_16:17 And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air. And a great voice came out of the temple of Heaven, from the throne, saying, It is done!

Rev_19:4 And the twenty-four elders and the four living creatures fell down and worshiped God sitting on the throne, saying, Amen! Hallelujah!

Rev_19:5 And a voice came out of the throne, saying, Praise our God, all His servants, and the ones fearing Him, the small and great.

Rev_20:11 And I saw a great white throne, and Him sitting on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away. And a place was not found for them.

Rev_21:5 And He sitting on the throne said, Behold, I make all things new. And He said to me, Write, for these words are true and faithful.

Rev_22:1 And he showed me a pure river of Water of Life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.

Rev_22:3 And every curse will no longer be; but the throne of God and of the Lamb will be in it, and His servants will serve Him.

32 verses found, 40 matches

Revelation 32 verses found 40 matches

The first thing I noticed when I looked at this list was the description of God’s throne and court in chapter 4. That is followed by a list of actions originating from that throne. Another detail I noticed was the sequence Revelation followed. First we saw a description of Jesus, followed by a description of God on His throne. There may be a very good reason for that. John recorded a lesson Jesus taught. God was very pleased with Jesus’ ministry, efforts, ability to follow directions, and of course His sacrifice. God gave everything to Jesus. Jesus gave all the credit to God, and returned all the power and control to God. It was a lesson in giving. The story also showed how God and Jesus are of one mind, set on a single goal.

We also see how Jesus wrote Revelation with the same flow all novelists and writers use. They first describe a scene, then tell you what occurred at that scene. We have evidence that Revelation is not a book of hidden mysteries, but a story written by God’s Son. Jesus wrote that book to be understood.

We see, the “throne of God,” repeated a number of times. Keep in mind, Revelation was constructed and written by Jesus. Here we see the respect Jesus has for His Father, and the type of respect we should have for God.

Putting verses together has a unique way of bringing out facts and details. But we have to be careful when we approach a study of this type. If we only look at one sentence in a story, we run the risk of missing 99% of the facts. One sentence will never show us the context the sentence was used in. We also miss important details linked to other parts of Revelation as well as other books in the Bible designed to provide answers. In short, we can easily fail when we rely on single sentences.

This list was provided to support a point we are looking at. We can take one word or phrase, quickly find where and how that word or phase was used in the same Bible book, and other books in the Bible, and continue our research. Computer programs have revolutionized Bible Study, making it much easier and quicker to put lists and facts together. But we have to take the next step. We have to determine which sentences have a direct bearing on the subject at hand, go to those chapters, read them, determine if the context is the same, and put those entire stories together. We have to look at the events involved. We have to examine the timeline by looking at connecting factors and surrounding events. We may only know the timeline of one event mentioned in each of those stories. That will help establish the relationship between two series of events. We have to look for references to other books in the Bible, and read those stories. All in all, with a good computer program, we are only a click away. Links between verses are placed in those programs for a reason. We have to learn how to use the tools we are given, and the common sense God placed within mankind at creation.

Another detail we have to think about for a moment. Satan’s throne is mentioned only once in Revelation. What does that tell us? We have 31 verses with God on His throne, and only 1 verse with Satan on his throne. But where is the majority of study focused today? On Satan and his throne. Doesn’t that show us how misguided this world is? Doesn’t that make a point we should heed? If we are seeking truth, do we go to men or groups focusing on a single sentence in Revelation? Or do we listen to those who focus on Revelation as a whole?

It’s interesting to see how one word can open a floodgate to information and facts we never considered before. That’s the way the Bible was written. The Bible needs to be absorbed. Or as Jesus put it, consumed. Not just a line or two, but the entire story the way Jesus had it recorded.

Books of Moses

The Books of Moses consist of the first five books of the Bible. The Books of Moses include Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.

Genesis contains the story of creation and the very early history of this world. Genesis also includes the story of Abram, whose name was changed to Abraham, his son Issac, his son Jacob, along with the blessings and trails they experienced.

Genesis sets the tone by showing us mistakes made from Adam to Jacob. Whose name was changed to Israel. Many of those stories show how decisions were made with and without God’s advice and approval. We still live with the effects of many of those mistakes.

Exodus tells how Moses worked with God to free Israel from Egypt. There are many spiritual symbols involved that relate to this world today. Exodus also contains the original design of the Tabernacle, services inside the Tabernacle, plus the work and material that went into building the Tabernacle. Exodus also contains stories about the wilderness crossing to the Promised Land.

Leviticus is commonly known as the Book of the Law. Leviticus contains a lot more than the laws. Leviticus shows how people reacted to those laws, tried to change those laws, and suffered for questioning and breaking those laws.



Numbers is normally thought of as a book that contains the early genealogy of Israel. Numbers also contains stories about the wilderness crossing and the perils Moses and Israel faced.




Deuteronomy is like an epitaph for Moses. Deuteronomy is the farewell address for Moses. Moses knew he was going to die and he reviewed everything with Israel before he left. Deuteronomy is Moses’ last attempt to educate and prepare Israel to cross into the Promised Land and give God the respect and thanks He deserved.


This website has been worked and reworked to improve your experience as you walk through the Bible or search for information. Menus have been added that divide the Bible into commonly known groups. Each group contains a number of books from the Bible in the order they are found in the Bible. You can navigate through each drop down menu to search for the information you are looking for.

Links have been added to each main page for every book of the Bible. Those links show the results of a simple search. That page will show you topics, studies, and stories related to each book of the Bible. At least those I have written about and posted. More are added everyday.

The drop down menu for each book of the Bible will show studies and stories from that Bible Book.

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I may be offering website design services in the future. Those services will center on teaching people how to start and maintain their own personal websites. Which will include the ability to sell products. Contact me if you are interested.

The Tabernacle Foundation

The best place to begin a detailed study of the Tabernacle is at the foundation.

Read Exodus 26:15-29, and Exodus 27:9-19, for an understanding of the construction details, and explanation of what the bases supported.

Notice there are two types of bases used. The outer court used sockets made of brass. The Tabernacle used sockets of silver. The spiritual meaning of each material, and its location is important.

The sockets are used to supported the walls of the Tabernacle, and the curtains around the court. We are not provided with a complete list of details describing the sockets, but we know they were used as support bases.

I would imagine the bases were wide at the bottom and tapered toward the top. The best way to form the sockets would be to cast them. This would also supply a clue to the location, where the Tabernacle was fabricated, and provide a list of the materials Israel carried out of Egypt.

Casting metal requires a melting pot, fuel for the fire, and a particular grade of sand to form a mold. The sand is more like a fine powder, not at all like the course sand found on a beach. The sand must be small enough to fill every detail of the pattern. It must hold its shape when compacted, and have a minimum amount of moisture. Too much moisture would expand when contacted by molten metal. Moisture expands, leaving gas bubbles and defects in the finished product.

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Israel may have carried a melting pot out of Egypt, along with a bellows to fan the flame, along with other instruments required to cast metals. They must have cast the bases, and other items at a location where the proper sand was available, along with wood for fires, and materials to make the forms for the castings.

Based on the height of the boards, ten cubits, or fifteen feet, the sockets must have been at least a foot and a half long by one foot wide at the base, and at least a foot high. Each socket would have weighed about 16,000 ounces, or 980 pounds, if they were a solid casting. The weight would required at least four men to lift them. The sockets must have been a hollow casting, with a wider base.

If the sockets were cast hollow with one inch thick walls, wide enough at the base, to support the boards, and curtains against winds, they most likely would have been two feet long, a foot wide, and a foot and a half high. If this was the case, they would have weighed 600 pounds. The walls may have been thinner, to allow the bases to be lighter, but they also had to weigh enough to hold up to winds.

God chose the location for the assembly of the Tabernacle. The court must have been erected first. The Levites must have taken great care to ensure each and every piece was in the proper location, and in perfect order according to specifications. The court was a hundred cubits long by fifty cubits wide, or one hundred and fifty feet long by seventy five feet wide. The entrance always faced east.

The length of the court consisted of twenty sockets for the south wall, twenty sockets for the north wall, ten sockets on the west wall, and six sockets on the east gate, which consisted of an opening to the court. The sockets would have been spaced on a distance of about five cubits, or seven and a half feet. The distance may have been a little greater, because twenty sockets would have consisted of nineteen spaces. We are not told if the corners consisted of doubling the sockets or a single socket. There is no mention of corner sockets, which may have been a little different in design. If we add the three sides, the total distance is 250 cubits, the total sockets fifty, which would indicate a spacing of five cubits.


The first thing to do once a site is cleared would be to layout the pattern for the bases. The easiest and most efficient way to do this would have been to use a set of strings, or ropes. Each rope would have been marked to locate each socket. To insure the sides are square, the Levites would have diagonally measured the distance from corner to corner. Another set of equal strings could have been used for this task. This simple method would have ensured the walls were laid out in a straight precise pattern.

The sockets for the court supported pillars, which supported the curtains. We are not told exactly what the pillars in the court were made from, but the pillars inside the Tabernacle were made of shittim wood, covered in gold. Because the materials for the court pillars is not specified, I would assume they were made of wood, and may not have been covered.

We are not told if the pillars were round or square. In either case, the sockets would have been cast with a hole, or a relief, for the columns to fit into. I do no think the wood contacted the ground, so the sockets would have been designed with a cup in the center to hold the column. Each column for the court was five cubits, or seven and a half feet high.

The material for the sockets was specified for a reason. Once we understand the reason materials were used in certain areas of the court, and Tabernacle, we can begin to understand the spiritual messages behind the details of the Tabernacle.

The sockets in the court were made of brass. The only way to find the spiritual meaning of the material is to compare scripture with scripture. To find the spiritual meaning for brass, we have to study a number of texts with the word brass.

Daniel 10:6 His body also was like the beryl, and his face as the appearance of lightning, and his eyes as lamps of fire, and his arms and his feet like in colour to polished brass, and the voice of his words like the voice of a multitude.

KJV Revelation 1:13-16. And in the midst of the seven candlesticks one like unto the Son of man, clothed with a garment down to the foot, and girt about the paps with a golden girdle. (14) His head and his hairs were white like wool, as white as snow; and his eyes were as a flame of fire; (15) And his feet like unto fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace; and his voice as the sound of many waters. (16) And he had in his right hand seven stars: and out of his mouth went a sharp twoedged sword: and his countenance was as the sun shineth in his strength.

Daniel and John tells us, Jesus’ feet are like fine, polished brass. This makes sense. The sockets support the curtains of the court, much like feet support the body. Does this mean brass represents Jesus’ feet? Is so, what do feet represent?

KJV Psalms 99:5. Exalt ye the LORD our God, and worship at his footstool; for he is holy.

KJV Psalms 132:7. We will go into his tabernacles: we will worship at his footstool.

David shows worship takes place at the footstool of God. Where is this footstool located?

Isaiah 66:1-2. Thus saith the LORD, The heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool: where is the house that ye build unto me? and where is the place of my rest? (2) For all those things hath mine hand made, and all those things have been, saith the LORD: but to this man will I look, even to him that is poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at my word.

KJV Matthew 5:34-35. But I say unto you, Swear not at all; neither by heaven; for it is God’s throne: (35) Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great King.

Jesus, and Isaiah show us, God’s footstool is the earth. This is where people worship God.

It seems a little strange to use the symbol of feet, and a footstool to symbolize worship. Additional study will show the exact message God was teaching in this symbolism.

KJV Genesis 19:1-2. And there came two angels to Sodom at even; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing them rose up to meet them; and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground; (2) And he said, Behold now, my lords, turn in, I pray you, into your servant’s house, and tarry all night, and wash your feet, and ye shall rise up early, and go on your ways. And they said, Nay; but we will abide in the street all night.

Lot showed respect to two complete strangers, who happened to be angles, by bowing down, offering to wash their feet, and opening his home to them. These are key factors indicating Christian attributes God wants us to display to one another, and to strangers.

KJV Luke 7:44-48. And he turned to the woman, and said unto Simon, Seest thou this woman? I entered into thine house, thou gavest me no water for my feet: but she hath washed my feet with tears, and wiped them with the hairs of her head. (45) Thou gavest me no kiss: but this woman since the time I came in hath not ceased to kiss my feet. (46) My head with oil thou didst not anoint: but this woman hath anointed my feet with ointment. (47) Wherefore I say unto thee, Her sins, which are many, are forgiven; for she loved much: but to whom little is forgiven, the same loveth little. (48) And he said unto her, Thy sins are forgiven.

KJV John 13:3-5. Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he was come from God, and went to God; (4) He riseth from supper, and laid aside his garments; and took a towel, and girded himself. (5) After that he poureth water into a bason, and began to wash the disciples’ feet, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith he was girded.

Mary washed Jesus’ feet with her tears, and kissed them, as a sign of respect. Jesus understood this to be a request for forgiveness. Jesus also washed the feet of the disciples to teach them a lesson in forgiveness, and how they are to treat every person they came in contact with.

Jesus showed the disciple, He was not above being a servant, and if they were to understand the message they were commissioned to take to the world, they must learn to be a servant.

Brass was used as the base of the outer court because it represents the foundation of Christianity, love and forgiveness. Attributes of a faithful servant, serving by their own free will. The outer court represents the connection between God and man. Jesus is a Teacher, He is also a servant. People are students, as such are to learn to serve after the example of the teacher. They are to learn the lessons provided from Heaven, and teach these lessons to others. If any man serve me, let him follow me; and where I am, there shall also my servant be: if any man serve me, him will my Father honour. (John 12:26 KJV)

The brass sockets represent Jesus’ feet. Levites had to carry them from location to location. They had to be placed with the greatest care and precision. Brass sockets supported the entire outer structure, just as serving is the foundation of God’s government.

Jesus taught the same lessons when He washed the disciples feet. When love and forgiveness are carefully placed in accordance with instructions, the foundation of faith will be secure. Without a proper foundation, the walls will never stand. Without love, and forgiveness, the church will never grow.

Sockets for the Tabernacle were made of a different material, silver. As we continue to study the details of the court, and Tabernacle, we will begin to understand why certain materials were used in one location, and others in a different location.

The construction of the Tabernacle was quite different from the court. Among other important items, the Tabernacle housed the ark, table of shewbread, and the candlestick.

The Tabernacle used sockets of silver. These sockets supported boards made of shittim wood standing up. This indicates the boards were standing upright. They were ten cubits, or fifteen feet high, by a cubit and a half, or twenty seven inches wide. Each board was supported by two sockets. The KJV describes the boards as having two tenons. What is a tenon?

If we referred to the definition of a tenon in relationship to woodworking, we would find it is the male end of a connection between two pieces of wood. This may be one of the instances where the King James translation is a little bit off. When you follow the original language, you will find the Hebrew word translated tenon, refers to an open, or hollow hand. This would indicate the boards were actually fitted with the mortise, or female side of the joint.

From a design standpoint, this would make more sense. To support boards in the upright position, the sockets would have been designed with a groove through the center. The groove would have been three or more inches from the bottom. The boards would have been shaped to fit into the groove, and notched with a mortise so when the boards slid into the sockets, the boards also filled the gaps between the sockets. This design would allow for smaller, lighter sockets, and the strongest connection between the sockets and boards.

Why was silver used to support the walls of the tabernacle? To find the answer, we must compare a number of texts to find the spiritual meaning of silver.

KJV Psalms 12:6. The words of the LORD are pure words: as silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times.

KJV Psalms 119:72. The law of thy mouth is better unto me than thousands of gold and silver.

KJV Proverbs 8:10. Receive my instruction, and not silver; and knowledge rather than choice gold.

KJV Ezekiel 22:22. As silver is melted in the midst of the furnace, so shall ye be melted in the midst thereof; and ye shall know that I the LORD have poured out my fury upon you.

The Bible compares silver to God’s words, His law, and instructions. People, who know God, are also compared to refined silver.

Here we have an emphasis on God’s word, and His law, as the foundation for the Tabernacle. The spiritual interpretation also contains a connection between God. His law, and His people.

This interpretation should not seem surprising, considering the Tabernacle contains the law of God, the ten commandments written in stone, along with a hand written copy of the instructions given to Moses. The Tabernacle was built around the law. The spiritual interpretation shows us, the law also supports the Tabernacle, and all its symbols.

KJV Deuteronomy 11:1. Therefore thou shalt love the LORD thy God, and keep his charge, and his statutes, and his judgments, and his commandments, alway.

Reference Texts:

KJV Exodus 26:15-27. And thou shalt make boards for the tabernacle of shittim wood standing up. (16) Ten cubits shall be the length of a board, and a cubit and a half shall be the breadth of one board. (17) Two tenons shall there be in one board, set in order one against another: thus shalt thou make for all the boards of the tabernacle. (18) And thou shalt make the boards for the tabernacle, twenty boards on the south side southward. (19) And thou shalt make forty sockets of silver under the twenty boards; two sockets under one board for his two tenons, and two sockets under another board for his two tenons. (20) And for the second side of the tabernacle on the north side there shall be twenty boards: (21) And their forty sockets of silver; two sockets under one board, and two sockets under another board. (22) And for the sides of the tabernacle westward thou shalt make six boards. (23) And two boards shalt thou make for the corners of the tabernacle in the two sides. (24) And they shall be coupled together beneath, and they shall be coupled together above the head of it unto one ring: thus shall it be for them both; they shall be for the two corners. (25) And they shall be eight boards, and their sockets of silver, sixteen sockets; two sockets under one board, and two sockets under another board. (26) And thou shalt make bars of shittim wood; five for the boards of the one side of the tabernacle, (27) And five bars for the boards of the other side of the tabernacle, and five bars for the boards of the side of the tabernacle, for the two sides westward.

KJV Exodus 27:9-19. And thou shalt make the court of the tabernacle: for the south side southward there shall be hangings for the court of fine twined linen of an hundred cubits long for one side: (10) And the twenty pillars thereof and their twenty sockets shall be of brass; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets shall be of silver. (11) And likewise for the north side in length there shall be hangings of an hundred cubits long, and his twenty pillars and their twenty sockets of brass; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver. (12) And for the breadth of the court on the west side shall be hangings of fifty cubits: their pillars ten, and their sockets ten. (13) And the breadth of the court on the east side eastward shall be fifty cubits. (14) The hangings of one side of the gate shall be fifteen cubits: their pillars three, and their sockets three. (15) And on the other side shall be hangings fifteen cubits: their pillars three, and their sockets three. (16) And for the gate of the court shall be an hanging of twenty cubits, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, wrought with needlework: and their pillars shall be four, and their sockets four. (17) All the pillars round about the court shall be filleted with silver; their hooks shall be of silver, and their sockets of brass. (18) The length of the court shall be an hundred cubits, and the breadth fifty every where, and the height five cubits of fine twined linen, and their sockets of brass. (19) All the vessels of the tabernacle in all the service thereof, and all the pins thereof, and all the pins of the court, shall be of brass.

Romans 3:1-4

Romans 3:1-4 NLTse Then what’s the advantage of being a Jew? Is there any value in the ceremony of circumcision? (2) Yes, there are great benefits! First of all, the Jews were entrusted with the whole revelation of God. (3) True, some of them were unfaithful; but just because they were unfaithful, does that mean God will be unfaithful? (4) Of course not! Even if everyone else is a liar, God is true. As the Scriptures say about him, “You will be proved right in what you say, and you will win your case in court.”

Of course it would do us no good to look at Romans chapter 3 without a review of Romans chapter 2. One of the best reviews is to look at how Paul closed the previous chapter. “No, a true Jew is one whose heart is right with God. And true circumcision is not merely obeying the letter of the law; rather, it is a change of heart produced by God’s Spirit. And a person with a changed heart seeks praise from God, not from people.” (Romans 2:29 NLTse).

Let me show you a little study habit you will want to use whenever you see a verse or story someone explained to you, that just doesn’t seem to fit in with your view when reading a chapter or two. Look at the introduction and summation of the chapter. In this case, we will go back and look at the end of Romans chapter 2 before moving onto chapter 3.

You may think you can condemn such people, but you are just as bad, and you have no excuse! When you say they are wicked and should be punished, you are condemning yourself, for you who judge others do these very same things. (Romans 2:1 NLTse).

Some people may ask, what does the judgment and condemnation at the beginning of chapter 2 have to do with circumcision at the end of the chapter? Everything. You have to realize, Paul wrote one long letter, not the short list of do’s and don’t’s we are normally spoon fed by theologians. I have no idea where or how they learned their study habits, but cutting the Bible apart to make a point is not found in scripture. Putting verses, letters, books, and stories together is part of Bible Study. Here we are putting Paul’s letter together the way it was written.

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Paul wrote about the wrongful practice of condemning people. Paul was focusing on the Jews and their attitude. Paul told them to look at themselves before condemning the world around them. Chapter 2 simply pointed out the fact, circumcision, an outward show, does not make them a real Jew. In the eyes of a Jew, God only recognized one race, one group of people Paul was trying to break that tradition. Paul had to show two sides to the story, the negative and the positive. Jews were fed the legalistic view of the scriptures, which placed the spotlight on themselves, and a rather dim view of God, and shut the lights off on the plan of salvation. To get to the Good News, Paul had to add a positive look at what the Jews had and build off of that. In this case, a positive relationship with God was the key. God was not the exacting, demanding, legalistic god the Jewish culture made Him out to be. They learned that from surrounding Pagan religions. Bits and pieces of Pagan gods fell into practice every time the temple switched sides between God, and all those Pagan religions some of the kings introduced. All of those stores were included in the Bible, and in fact, repeated for a reason. So we could see how the enemy introduces one small change at a time. One king brought a Pagan god and religion into the temple. A generation or two later, another king cleaned out the temple. To the untrained eye, all seemed to be set right with God. But when we look at the details, kings would only go so far with their reforms. Only a portion of God’s original system was brought back into the temple, and dozens of Pagan articles and ideas remained. It all became a mixture. The devil didn’t have to completely eliminate God, all he had to do was draw people far enough away to make worship a thing that could be compromised, altered, changed, and directed by men. That’s all it took, the introduction of man over God in the worship service. That’s what Paul was trying to tell the Jews. They worshiped themselves more than God. The Jews thought their form of worship was better than what God was asking for. They lost the roots of worship, which was to prepare this world for the one sacrifice that would redeem, or buy back this world from the master of sin.

We can’t really understand the end of chapter 2 without turning the page to chapter 3. Paul told the Jews to stop judging people, because they had the wrong view on the scriptures and the true worship of God. Much of the law, and the entire sacrificial system looked forward to Jesus and His sacrifice. The sacrificial system and some of the laws were symbols. There were also hundreds of prophecies the Jews misinterpreted. The problem was, the Jews cut apart the scriptures. They divided the laws from the prophecies, then used personal views on the world they lived in to interpret all the prophecies. That’s one of the major problems we see today. If the Jews would have combined the sacrificial system and sections of the law with the prophecies, they would have received a different, more accurate view of the Messiah.

Most of the prophecies about Jesus were reveled by real life experiences some of the Jews witnessed. The priests and experts on religious law followed Jesus closer than anyone, observing His every move. But they couldn’t put what they saw together with the prophecies, even though Jesus sent them back to dozens of prophecies He fulfilled, or was about to fulfill. Jesus showed those Jews one of the ways the Spirit communicates with us. But something blinded them. They didn’t have the Spirit to guide them. The Spirit was alive and active. Jesus talked with the Spirit everyday. The same Spirit was available to the Jews, but they rejected the offer. They decided to stick with their old ways. The Jews were enslaved by tradition.

When Jesus sent the priests back to scripture, He was showing how the Spirit communicated with them, through scripture, and real life events. The combination of the two should have been enough to jump start the Spirit inside the priests, but they didn’t want to put the two together, any more than they wanted to restudy the prophecies, the sacrificial system, and the law together. To the Jews, they needed to be separate, and that was their final decision.

I see people making the same mistake today. People get stuck on a single subject. They cut through the scripture concentrating on that single subject. Like the Jews, they isolate that one subject from the rest of scripture, By doing so, they cut the Holy Spirit from their study, They not only miss out on the Spirit, but all the little treasures He was about to show them.

Although Paul was trained in that prison of tradition for most of his life, he was shown the way out. There was nothing wrong with the laws or sacrificial system, except for how they were viewed and practiced. It proved difficult to convince some of the Jews, the sacrificial system was gone. The only way to do that was to show what those symbols pointed to. There were advantages to being a Jew, and Paul had a real life experience to show them one piece of living evidence, there had to be major changes in the Jewish culture and religion.

The Jews knew the sacrificial system. Not the same system God introduced to Moses, but an altered system changed over generations designed to control the population. Sacrifices were added from time to time. David sacrificed thousands of animals to transport the Ark. Solomon created his own sacrificial system to dedicate his temple. Seeming small changes took the eyes of the Jews off the symbolism of the sacrificial system and set their views upon an exacting and demanding God. If a few sacrifices are required, more is better. They turned God into one of those Pagan gods who always demanded more. There became no rhyme or reasoning behind the death of those animals except for, God said so. Or to be more accurate, God may have left out a few sacrifices. The Jews looked on the sacrificial system as a set of suggestions open to human refinement. By tinkering with the original sacrificial system, the original view and lesson was lost.

The Jews should have seen the connection between the sacrificial lamb and Christ. But they missed it. They should have understood other symbols in the Tabernacle like the bread, table, the alter of incense, those angels embroidered on the curtains, the wash basin, and others. The problem was, all those items were left at the Tabernacle and forgotten. Each item was replaced by a larger, grander substitute that blurred the meaning of each of those symbols.

When the Jews placed the sacrificial system in one group to study, the laws in another group, and prophecies in a third group, they placed their own name made curtain over the everything. No one could understand the prophecies that pointed to the Messiah without putting all three together. But the Jews insisted, if you chose to study the laws, stick to the laws. If you excelled in sacrifices, keep your nose in the sacrifices. And if you excelled in prophecies, you joined a group specializing in prophecies. Experts in the law did not question views on the sacrificial system, and those concentrating on the sacrificial system didn’t question interpretations of prophecies. That mind set spread into the general public, and misled the entire nation.

The Jews should have seen that circumcision alone wouldn’t do them any good. If they went back to the original story, they would have seen that Abraham and Ishmael were circumcised on the same day. God promised to make Ishmael the father of many nations. Those nations became a thorn in Israel’s side, and continued to be among their greatest threat. Circumcision didn’t change Ishmael. That was one of the lessons they were supposed to learn, as well as see in themselves.

To follow up on his explanation, Paul did what he did best. He quoted scripture. As the Scriptures say about him, “You will be proved right in what you say, and you will win your case in court.” This time Paul made it plain to see he was quoting scripture. He didn’t want anyone to miss this one. But the way Paul quoted it, the actual scripture may be a little difficult for people to find.

Have mercy upon me, O God, According to Your lovingkindness; According to the multitude of Your tender mercies, Blot out my transgressions. Wash me thoroughly from my iniquity, And cleanse me from my sin. For I acknowledge my transgressions, And my sin is always before me. Against You, You only, have I sinned, And done this evil in Your sight; That You may be found just when You speak, And blameless when You judge. Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity, And in sin my mother conceived me. Behold, You desire truth in the inward parts, And in the hidden part You will make me to know wisdom. Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean; Wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. Make me hear joy and gladness, That the bones You have broken may rejoice. Hide Your face from my sins, And blot out all my iniquities. Create in me a clean heart, O God, And renew a steadfast spirit within me. Do not cast me away from Your presence, And do not take Your Holy Spirit from me. Restore to me the joy of Your salvation, And uphold me by Your generous Spirit. Then I will teach transgressors Your ways, And sinners shall be converted to You. Deliver me from the guilt of bloodshed, O God, The God of my salvation, And my tongue shall sing aloud of Your righteousness. (Psalms 51:1-14 NKJV).

We have to keep in mind, Paul was referring to God’s judgment, and courtroom in Heaven. That was where Paul was trying to direct the Jews. Since Paul created the scene, we should take a look at it. Who doesn’t want to be cleansed and purged of sin before entering God’s court to face judgment? Isn’t that the ultimate goal when people accept Jesus for the first time? The entire Christian faith is based on Jesus’ ability to forgive sins, cleanse us, and make us clean on judgment day. But is that what Christians teach? Paul made it rather clear, or shall I say, Paul sent us back to David, who made it rather clear, we have to rely on God’s ability to cleanse us from our sins. Which is of course the plan of salvation. When we realize there is a cleansing process, we are supposed to go out and teach other people, so they are prepared for judgment.

I feel many churches like to take the edge off the judgment process and soften it up. Who talks about judgment day anyway? Churches feel it is much kinder to say, “Jesus died for your sins.” Then they leave the rest up to the people to figure out. Well why did Jesus have to die? To forgive our sins, is about the only answer you’ll likely to find in the fluffy world of Christianity. They are not going to teach you much about the judgment process. Everyone will stand in front of God’s throne to be judged. At least in the spiritual sense, your name will be called, and no one really knows exactly how the judgment process will proceed. Is your life reviewed in Heaven? Do they go by a set of notes in your book of life? Does Jesus say He died for this person, and that person, and it is a quick trial? The Bible doesn’t seem to cover those details. And no one seems to want to talk about them. David did to one extent. David had to admit he was a sinner. From that point, there was a process to cleanse that sin, throw it away, do away with it, to make sure none of that sin was around when that moment of judgment came around. Paul wanted the Jews to remember that moment. Would it be a fearful time, or can you really claim Christ as a your Savior?

We have to consider what Paul was going through. In his time, the idea of a man dying for the sins of the world was rather new. Up to that time, the Jews believed an animal had to die to cleanse people from their sins. Now Paul was introducing the concept of God’s Son coming to this world to teach and heal parts of this world. Then God’s Son was killed by, of all people, the religious leaders who were supposed to ensure every animal sacrifice was conducted in the proper manner, so people were actually forgiven for their sins, and didn’t have a thing to worry about if they happened to suddenly die. They would be sinless, and able to stand before God. That was the basic process the Jews believed in. To change that would have been a monumental task for anyone. Much less a Pharisee who decided to change sides. In a sense, that would have been a mark against Paul when he talked to any dedicated Jew.

How difficult would it be to change any religious belief that has been around for generations? Take a look at the world today. Many beliefs and customs have been around for 1-2 generations. For the most part, people have their heels dug into the ground and will defend their traditions to thier last dying breath. Paul was facing traditions that went back to Abraham, although many of them did not begin until Moses introduced them. That didn’t matter, the fact is, they were very old traditions, and no matter what the sacrificial system was in Paul’s day, people insisted it began with either Moses, or Abraham.

When we look at what Paul had to face, on one hand we see a religion steeped in traditions. On the other hand, we see Paul reaching out to groups with little to no knowledge about God, and less about Jesus. What do you think Pagans heard about God? Look at the legalistic view of God the Jews placed within their own religion. Now look at how some churches blow details about other churches out of proportion. Can you imagine the rumors flying around about God in Paul’s time? Talk about fighting a battle on two fronts, and needing a double edged sword.

David Moved the Ark 1 Chronicles 13

1 Chronicles 13:1-14 NLTse (1) David consulted with all his officials, including the generals and captains of his army. (2) Then he addressed the entire assembly of Israel as follows: “If you approve and if it is the will of the LORD our God, let us send messages to all the Israelites throughout the land, including the priests and Levites in their towns and pasturelands. Let us invite them to come and join us. (3) It is time to bring back the Ark of our God, for we neglected it during the reign of Saul.” (4) The whole assembly agreed to this, for the people could see it was the right thing to do. (5) So David summoned all Israel, from the Shihor Brook of Egypt in the south all the way to the town of Lebo-hamath in the north, to join in bringing the Ark of God from Kiriath-jearim. (6) Then David and all Israel went to Baalah of Judah (also called Kiriath-jearim) to bring back the Ark of God, which bears the name of the LORD who is enthroned between the cherubim. (7) They placed the Ark of God on a new cart and brought it from Abinadab’s house. Uzzah and Ahio were guiding the cart. (8) David and all Israel were celebrating before God with all their might, singing songs and playing all kinds of musical instruments–lyres, harps, tambourines, cymbals, and trumpets. (9) But when they arrived at the threshing floor of Nacon, the oxen stumbled, and Uzzah reached out his hand to steady the Ark. (10) Then the LORD’s anger was aroused against Uzzah, and he struck him dead because he had laid his hand on the Ark. So Uzzah died there in the presence of God. (11) David was angry because the LORD’s anger had burst out against Uzzah. He named that place Perez-uzzah (which means “to burst out against Uzzah”), as it is still called today. (12) David was now afraid of God, and he asked, “How can I ever bring the Ark of God back into my care?” (13) So David did not move the Ark into the City of David. Instead, he took it to the house of Obed-edom of Gath. (14) The Ark of God remained there in Obed-edom’s house for three months, and the LORD blessed the household of Obed-edom and everything he owned.

I never noticed how quickly Chronicles moved through events and the order recorded until I looked at the subject of the temple and when it appears in the Bible. I have no idea why the return from Babylon is followed by David moving the Ark. If nothing else, that is a strange sequence. What is even stranger is what 1 Chronicles 13 followed.

All these men came in battle array to Hebron with the single purpose of making David the king over all Israel. In fact, everyone in Israel agreed that David should be their king. They feasted and drank with David for three days, for preparations had been made by their relatives for their arrival. And people from as far away as Issachar, Zebulun, and Naphtali brought food on donkeys, camels, mules, and oxen. Vast supplies of flour, fig cakes, clusters of raisins, wine, olive oil, cattle, sheep, and goats were brought to the celebration. There was great joy throughout the land of Israel. (1 Chronicles 12:38-40 NLTse).

Chronicles quickly moved from men fighting to make David king to David moving the Ark. That raises a few questions by placing the relocation of the Ark in the hands of a king rather than God’s direction. We can see how David consulted his officials, and placed the decision in God’s hands, but we don’t see God’s answer. We don’t see how God communicated with David or any of those people.

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It seems David placed the responsibility on the people like he wanted to wash his hands of the act in case something went wrong. Chronicles continued its own style of writing by leaving out a lot of details. Where were they bringing the Ark back from? Scripture mentioned Kiriath-jearim which takes us back to another story.

So the men of Kiriath-jearim came to get the Ark of the LORD. They took it to the hillside home of Abinadab and ordained Eleazar, his son, to be in charge of it. The Ark remained in Kiriath-jearim for a long time–twenty years in all. During that time all Israel mourned because it seemed the LORD had abandoned them. Then Samuel said to all the people of Israel, “If you are really serious about wanting to return to the LORD, get rid of your foreign gods and your images of Ashtoreth. Determine to obey only the LORD; then he will rescue you from the Philistines.” So the Israelites got rid of their images of Baal and Ashtoreth and worshiped only the LORD. (1 Samuel 7:1-4 NLTse).

It seems that after the Philistines returned the Ark, no one took it back to the Tabernacle. Eli’s sons removed the Ark from the Tabernacle and lost it in a war against the Philistines. Eli’s sons thought the Ark had some kind of magical power to help them in a war. Or they were trying to force God into helping them.

What happened to the Tabernacle? One of the last places the Tabernacle was mentioned was in a story about Solomon during the early part of his reign.

Solomon son of David took firm control of his kingdom, for the LORD his God was with him and made him very powerful. Solomon called together all the leaders of Israel–the generals and captains of the army, the judges, and all the political and clan leaders. Then he led the entire assembly to the place of worship in Gibeon, for God’s Tabernacle was located there. (This was the Tabernacle that Moses, the LORD’s servant, had made in the wilderness.) David had already moved the Ark of God from Kiriath-jearim to the tent he had prepared for it in Jerusalem. But the bronze altar made by Bezalel son of Uri and grandson of Hur was there at Gibeon in front of the Tabernacle of the LORD. So Solomon and the people gathered in front of it to consult the LORD. There in front of the Tabernacle, Solomon went up to the bronze altar in the LORD’s presence and sacrificed 1,000 burnt offerings on it. That night God appeared to Solomon and said, “What do you want? Ask, and I will give it to you!” (2 Chronicles 1:1-7 NLTse).


What happened to the Tabernacle after that is guesswork at best. Another question came up in 2 Chronicles chapter 1. Why was Solomon sacrificing sheep? Solomon may not have been doing all the work, but when were kings given authority to write new laws about sacrifices?

The sequence centering on the temple is something we have to consider. Why is God leading us into something that is lost? Why is God leading us into a question no one can answer? This is telling us how important prayer is, and why we need God’s guidance to study. I had to pray about this one and ask God why He had His authors arrange such a strange sequence of events about the temple in an order obviously out of the natural order of a timeline. Whenever we see anything unusual, it is time to pray.

After a few days of prayer, I saw the connecting factor. God always set up links to draw our attention. Details the stories have in common. What do the three stories have in common? Nebuchadnezzar took all the articles out of the temple. The priests returned to rebuild the temple. The third story is about David moving the Ark to Jerusalem. What do those three stories have in common? All three of those stories involved a king.

2 Kings 25:8-10 NLTse On August 14 of that year, which was the nineteenth year of King Nebuchadnezzar’s reign, Nebuzaradan, the captain of the guard and an official of the Babylonian king, arrived in Jerusalem. (9) He burned down the Temple of the LORD, the royal palace, and all the houses of Jerusalem. He destroyed all the important buildings in the city. (10) Then he supervised the entire Babylonian army as they tore down the walls of Jerusalem on every side.

Ezra 1:1-3 NLTse In the first year of King Cyrus of Persia, the LORD fulfilled the prophecy he had given through Jeremiah. He stirred the heart of Cyrus to put this proclamation in writing and to send it throughout his kingdom: (2) “This is what King Cyrus of Persia says: “The LORD, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth. He has appointed me to build him a Temple at Jerusalem, which is in Judah. (3) Any of you who are his people may go to Jerusalem in Judah to rebuild this Temple of the LORD, the God of Israel, who lives in Jerusalem. And may your God be with you!

1 Chronicles 13:1-3 NLTse (1) David consulted with all his officials, including the generals and captains of his army. (2) Then he addressed the entire assembly of Israel as follows: “If you approve and if it is the will of the LORD our God, let us send messages to all the Israelites throughout the land, including the priests and Levites in their towns and pasturelands. Let us invite them to come and join us. (3) It is time to bring back the Ark of our God, for we neglected it during the reign of Saul.”

We see how this story draws on more books to study. This shows how stories are linked to other sections of scripture. We see how difficult it would be for anyone to interpret the spiritual meaning of messages God placed in scripture. We do see how God uses His recorded Word to lead us to the proper interpretation. This is nothing short of the evidence every Christian needs to prove beyond any shadow of doubt. No person, or collection of people could have written the Bible. There had to be a creative hand and mind behind the planning and arrangement of the Bible.

What is the message hidden within the stories of those three kings? The first story is about Nebuchadnezzar, who may be one of the most familiar kings, and the easiest to figure out.

2 Kings 25:18-21 NLTse Nebuzaradan, the captain of the guard, took with him as prisoners Seraiah the high priest, Zephaniah the priest of the second rank, and the three chief gatekeepers. (19) And from among the people still hiding in the city, he took an officer who had been in charge of the Judean army; five of the king’s personal advisers; the army commander’s chief secretary, who was in charge of recruitment; and sixty other citizens. (20) Nebuzaradan, the captain of the guard, took them all to the king of Babylon at Riblah. (21) And there at Riblah, in the land of Hamath, the king of Babylon had them all put to death. So the people of Judah were sent into exile from their land.

Nebuchadnezzar had a reputation of dealing with a problem or issue by killing the people involved. We see this throughout the most concise book about his reign in Babylon. But the king said to the astrologers, “I am serious about this. If you don’t tell me what my dream was and what it means, you will be torn limb from limb, and your houses will be turned into heaps of rubble! (Daniel 2:5 NLTse).

We’d have to read a number of books to learn as much as we can about Nebuchadnezzar’s personality. We can’t judge a person by a single proof text. Daniel also told us how God worked so hard to bring Nebuchadnezzar back into a personal relationship with Himself. King Nebuchadnezzar sent this message to the people of every race and nation and language throughout the world: “Peace and prosperity to you! “I want you all to know about the miraculous signs and wonders the Most High God has performed for me. How great are his signs, how powerful his wonders! His kingdom will last forever, his rule through all generations. (Daniel 4:1-3 NLTse).

It seems every chapter in Daniel contains the good and bad aspects of king Nebuchadnezzar. Daniel had to be an inspired writer to cover both sides of king Nebuchadnezzar. In Ancient times, writers or scribes could face the same fate Nebuchadnezzar threatened his court with if they ever recorded the wrong thing, anything negative about the king. When a nation was conquered, the new king would replace all the former king’s achievements with his own. That is why history is so one sided. No modern historian was there to verify exactly what happened. Historians gather what little information they find, then write volumes to fill in details they way they imagined it happened. The Bible is one of the few reliable sources of ancient history telling two sides of the story, the good and bad ways kings acted and conducted business. The fact those scriptures survived is only the tip of the ice burg.

God had to scatter those stories around to protect the stories themselves as well as His prophets. That opened the door to spiritual interpretations some people can see, and most people miss. Like this story about the three kings, and their personalities.

We are only going to take a brief look at those kings. An in depth study would take another series of books. Finding that information on your own is what God really wanted all those generations. Can you imagine the facts and details God has shown people over the past 2000 years that was never recorded, or may have been recorded, but read by so few people it disappeared for a time, only to be rediscovered generations later.

Our brief look at those kings will be like flying over the landscape at 50,000 feet where we see some of the major features, but we experience nothing when it comes to the personalities of the people living on the land, little about the environment, and almost nothing about the little details that make up day to day life, or the hidden beauty of the land. To find that out, we have to come down to earth to walk among the people, smell the flowers, and watch the sunset. We have to be there to experience what life was really like.

How do we do that with the Bible? There is no other way than to take Nebuchadnezzar’s advice. “I want you all to know about the miraculous signs and wonders the Most High God has performed for me. How great are his signs, how powerful his wonders! His kingdom will last forever, his rule through all generations.” We have to be in God’s presence. God was there watching the entire scene. All you need is enough faith to know He was there, remembers every detail, and can’t wait to tell you every detail. Some people describe Jesus as the great story teller as He walked this earth. Do you think anything has changed? This will be nothing more than the cold, clinical look people are used to seeing, and accepting as, shall we say, the total truth, or story. But once we see how each of those stories are connected, and how each of those stories are derived from a collection of stories, we’ll begin to understand how we can look deeper into God’s Word when we make that connection with God, He tried to teach to Nebuchadnezzar, and other kings.

Nebuchadnezzar is one of the most abrasive personalities in scripture. The author of Kings showed us a small part of how Nebuchadnezzar chose to deal with situations. He was the king, judge, and jury. No one stood in his way, and his decision was final, and decisive. But one man stood up to Nebuchadnezzar. There was only one reason Daniel could and did stand up to Nebuchadnezzar. Daniel had God on his side. Daniel’s bravery stemmed from a close relationship with God. A relationship we see God tried to establish with king Nebuchadnezzar.

King Cyrus of Persia is the most difficult king to study. Bible authors had this habit of recording the king’s name in some stories, then his title in other stories. I had trouble figuring that out until I took time to gather all the information about Persia’s kings, then looked at the names in the Concordance. That told me when authors used names, or titles. Dates recorded in the stories laid the foundation of a timeline. That allows us to place names on the titles.

After I posted my study, of course I received a lot of flack. Scholars had the habit of reading only a small portion of a study, then making negative comments without checking scripture to verify their thoughts. In other words, scholars from all walks of life decided the things they’ve been taught by the world were more reliable than God’s Word, or getting together with God to go over the details.

King Cyrus is one of the most interesting characters to study in scripture. Once the timeline recorded by God’s prophets was arranged, it opened the door to a view of books including Daniel, Esther, Kings, Chronicles, Ezra, and Nehemiah in a whole new light.

Among other things, Cyrus was touched by God and opened the door to rebuild the temple and walls around Jerusalem. He assigned people to the task, funded the projects, and kept Ezra, and Nehemiah’s enemies at bay.

Many people think they know king David. But how well? What fascinated me about David is his growth in God, which began at a very young age. David met, and learned about God when he was alone tending his father’s sheep. David had little more than the clothes on his back, and a place to sleep whenever he returned home. Solitude in the fields was God’s choice of a classroom. We can only imagine the lessons God shared with David.

Those sheep and the responsibilities his father trusted him with taught David a great deal about trust and dedication. David learned to trust God, and respect king Saul, who was famous for making mistakes. David was anointed king of Israel at a very young age, and never forgot that day Samuel came to visit. David had opportunities to kill Saul and take the kingdom, but he would rather place his trust in God.

Finally, David was crowned king. That was when he made some major mistakes. He married a lot of women, had a lot of sons and daughters, and went as far as killing one of his best friends to take his wife. Each of those stories explained what God had to do to call David back.

David also recorded the book we refer to as Psalms. Some of that book is what David wrote about his history, other parts focus on prayers, and praising God. David’s personality runs deep in scripture. The fact it is scattered over many books in the Bible tells us, the same is true for the other two kings. So we have our assignment from God. Study every detail on each of those kings. Drink deep from the well of knowledge and be satisfied.

Now that we reviewed a little about each king, what do we do with the information? While I was praying, the LORD told me to look at those personalities. Each was different. What did they point to? They pointed to three major groups of Christians today. Nebuchadnezzar pointed to a group I refer to as the squeaky wheel. People who have to get their way at any cost. Like Nebuchadnezzar, some people make a decision, and I’ve seen this, if you don’t go their way, they pull out the burn in hell card. It doesn’t matter what the subject is, some people decided they have the only answer, and [f you don’t agree, it doesn’t matter what other aspects you have, what you accomplished, or what your relationship with God is, those Nebuchadnezzar type personalities will condemn you. Nebuchadnezzar sent people to take Daniel to his execution, and threw three of his most trusted advisers in an oven because they decided following God was more Important than satisfying a whim.

We have to also remember how God set up a number of circumstances to reach Nebuchadnezzar. God also worked with where Nebuchadnezzar was to reach him. And of course, God took Nebuchadnezzar out of his comfortable environment to reach him. In other words, we can’t even judge the squeaky wheels, no matter how abrasive they appear.

Since many people like to associate with king David, we can look at his personality next. David grew up in God’s grace. God protected David. God taught David how to communicate directly with Him. Once in a while David showed his human side by slipping away, or forgetting about God. Sometimes David thought he could get away with something behind God’s back. David spent a great deal of time looking back on his life. That was the only way he could have written those Psalms. That is also something all of us has to learn to do.

David had the type of personality difficult to place a finger on, or sum up in a few words. That is what made David, David. That may be one of the reasons God loved David. It was one of the reasons David loved God. David could mess his life up, and God still loved him. David is one of the few people in the Bible, and the world able to define a real relationship with God. Not in a few words, but in the life he lived. Maybe that is why people like to associate with David.

Now we get to the difficult king to analyze, Cyrus. Like I mentioned before, his story largely remains a mystery based on the fact, he is often hidden in scripture, meaning, not as easy to find as Nebuchadnezzar and David. Cyrus represents all those Christians difficult to figure out. Cyrus shows us how people are difficult to define until we take time to do a little in depth study.

Many Christians carry themselves far different than the world. There is something about them the world can’t figure out, or place their finger on. So the world looks at one detail, and writes its own assumption. Little may be true, but that is just how the world works.

We now have three basic personalities to look at. The abrasive personality. The personality that wants to follow God, but finds ways to fail. And the elusive, hard to define personality. People are made up of combinations of all three. Being a Christian means you want to find and follow God., but that is not always consistent. The degrees vary with every person. Everyone is abrasive to one degree or another. And we should all know, everyone has a private side to them that takes time to know.

God didn’t set up that sequence of stories to tell us something new about the temple. And maybe He did. That’s for others to find out. I can only follow the direction God gave me when He gave it to me. God wanted us to see those personalities to see where our lives lie in the mixture. Which king are you more like, and which of those qualities do you need to work on? Of course, you can’t go far on the brief explanations I gave here. All I can do is suggest a new spiritual journey.

Getting back to the story, we see David consulted his cabinet, and the entire community. David was concerned about the Ark, he felt Saul neglected. David had his own way of honoring God. His only mistake may have been to consult people, and not God. This reminds us to always turn to God. Popular belief and what people think is right may not always lead to the best decision.

Where did David get the idea of using a new cart to transport the Ark? Long before David was crowned king, during the days he was on the run from Saul, David spent a great deal of time living among the Philistines. David may have heard a story about the Ark during that time.

The Ark of the LORD remained in Philistine territory seven months in all. Then the Philistines called in their priests and diviners and asked them, “What should we do about the Ark of the LORD? Tell us how to return it to its own country.” “Send the Ark of the God of Israel back with a gift,” they were told. “Send a guilt offering so the plague will stop. Then, if you are healed, you will know it was his hand that caused the plague.” “What sort of guilt offering should we send?” they asked. And they were told, “Since the plague has struck both you and your five rulers, make five gold tumors and five gold rats, just like those that have ravaged your land. Make these things to show honor to the God of Israel. Perhaps then he will stop afflicting you, your gods, and your land. Don’t be stubborn and rebellious as Pharaoh and the Egyptians were. By the time God was finished with them, they were eager to let Israel go. “Now build a new cart, and find two cows that have just given birth to calves. Make sure the cows have never been yoked to a cart. Hitch the cows to the cart, but shut their calves away from them in a pen. Put the Ark of the LORD on the cart, and beside it place a chest containing the gold rats and gold tumors you are sending as a guilt offering. Then let the cows go wherever they want. If they cross the border of our land and go to Beth-shemesh, we will know it was the LORD who brought this great disaster upon us. If they don’t, we will know it was not his hand that caused the plague. It came simply by chance.” (1 Samuel 6:1-9 NLTse).

Did David copy something that worked for the Philistines without seeing the difference between himself, the Levites, and priests? Didn’t David know, God holds us responsible for what we know, or are supposed to know. It turned out bad for David. The plan didn’t work, and that cost Uzzah his life. It was a shock to David and everyone there. Now what were they going to do?

The first question was, “is God angry with us, and why?” It should have been a time to search the heart. It was also a time to search scripture. That story showed us how they go hand in hand. Do we search our hearts based on scripture, or the world? David learned what happens when you rely on popular belief.

Some people stop at the obvious, or shall we say the worldly way of looking at that story about Uzzah. He touched the Ark, God was angry, and killed him. That seems rather simple, but what does that teach us about God? And what is God telling us about Himself?

We do know, David used the wrong process to move the Ark.

When the camp moves, Aaron and his sons must enter the Tabernacle first to take down the inner curtain and cover the Ark of the Covenant with it. Then they must cover the inner curtain with fine goatskin leather and spread over that a single piece of blue cloth. Finally, they must put the carrying poles of the Ark in place. “Next they must spread a blue cloth over the table where the Bread of the Presence is displayed, and on the cloth they will place the bowls, pans, jars, pitchers, and the special bread. (Numbers 4:5-7 NLTse).

At that time the LORD set apart the tribe of Levi to carry the Ark of the LORD’s Covenant, and to stand before the LORD as his ministers, and to pronounce blessings in his name. These are their duties to this day. That is why the Levites have no share of property or possession of land among the other Israelite tribes. The LORD himself is their special possession, as the LORD your God told them.) (Deuteronomy 10:8-9 NLTse).

Not only was the Ark to be carried by Levites, it was to be covered by the inner curtain, and a blue cloth. Neither item is mentioned in 1 Chronicles chapter 13. David missed a lot of details. Did everyone miss them, or were they afraid to speak up? What about Uzzah? Did Uzzah know something was wrong, but was afraid to point out the mistake because he didn’t know all the details?

What we have here is a story about one of David’s most trusted men. David appointed Uzzah a position close to the Ark. A place Uzzah was within everyone’s sight. Out of all the men positioned around the Ark to protect it, only one man stepped up when the cart began to tilt. Only one man acted when he saw something was going wrong.

Did other people die by touching the Ark? What about those people who looked in the Ark when the Philistines returned it to Israel? The LORD killed seventy men from Beth-shemesh because they looked into the Ark of the LORD. And the people mourned greatly because of what the LORD had done. (1 Samuel 6:19 NLTse). God didn’t kill those people the second they touched the Ark. God killed seventy men after they looked inside the Ark.

When people make up stories, or try to explain why something happened in the Bible, they have to collect all the information on the subject. Now look at a few verses then run with whatever seems to sound right. That is interpreting scripture with what sounds good to the world.

And now I make one more appeal, my dear brothers and sisters. Watch out for people who cause divisions and upset people’s faith by teaching things contrary to what you have been taught. Stay away from them. Such people are not serving Christ our Lord; they are serving their own personal interests. By smooth talk and glowing words they deceive innocent people. As for my companion, he betrayed his friends; he broke his promises. His words are as smooth as butter, but in his heart is war. His words are as soothing as lotion, but underneath are daggers! Give your burdens to the LORD, and he will take care of you. He will not permit the godly to slip and fall. But you, O God, will send the wicked down to the pit of destruction. Murderers and liars will die young, but I am trusting you to save me. (Romans 16:17-18, Psalms 55:20-23 NLTse)

Is it possible God saw Uzzah’s heart, his willingness to help, his concern and love for the Ark and God, then used Uzzah to set an example, open the eyes of everyone present, and send them back to God? Did God use Uzzah’s death to call attention to a mistake? Did Uzzah die serving the LORD like he wanted to assist the Ark? Why doesn’t the world spend enough time on this story to give God a good report rather than a black eye?

The Ark found its way to Kiriath-jearim after Eli’s sons tried to use it as a weapon to defeat the Philistines. The Philistines attacked and defeated the army of Israel, killing 4,000 men. After the battle was over, the troops retreated to their camp, and the elders of Israel asked, “Why did the LORD allow us to be defeated by the Philistines?” Then they said, “Let’s bring the Ark of the Covenant of the LORD from Shiloh. If we carry it into battle with us, it will save us from our enemies.” (1 Samuel 4:2-3 NLTse). God had a new problem to deal with. How was God going to get that belief the Ark was a weapon out of their heads? Israel invented a new idol out of a box of wood covered in gold. That box didn’t have any power. All the power is from God, and all the glory comes from God. Still, people took that lesson and twisted it into a hundred different forms which amount to nothing more than a worldly best guess. People make the same mistake Israel made with the Ark. They gave the glory to an object.

Do people still celebrate when making a decision on their own? How far does God have to go to break people out of that mood? In this case it took a lot to get their attention. This story only showed us one example.

David wanted to place the Ark under his care. Was that another mistake? Could David protect the Ark like God did in the wilderness? On the day the Tabernacle was set up, the cloud covered it. But from evening until morning the cloud over the Tabernacle looked like a pillar of fire. This was the regular pattern–at night the cloud that covered the Tabernacle had the appearance of fire. Whenever the cloud lifted from over the sacred tent, the people of Israel would break camp and follow it. And wherever the cloud settled, the people of Israel would set up camp. In this way, they traveled and camped at the LORD’s command wherever he told them to go. Then they remained in their camp as long as the cloud stayed over the Tabernacle. If the cloud remained over the Tabernacle for a long time, the Israelites stayed and performed their duty to the LORD. Sometimes the cloud would stay over the Tabernacle for only a few days, so the people would stay for only a few days, as the LORD commanded. Then at the LORD’s command they would break camp and move on. Sometimes the cloud stayed only overnight and lifted the next morning. But day or night, when the cloud lifted, the people broke camp and moved on. Whether the cloud stayed above the Tabernacle for two days, a month, or a year, the people of Israel stayed in camp and did not move on. But as soon as it lifted, they broke camp and moved on. So they camped or traveled at the LORD’s command, and they did whatever the LORD told them through Moses. (Numbers 9:15-23 NLTse).

Not only did that cloud and pillar of fire protect the Tabernacle and Ark, it provided light at night, shade during the day, and told Israel when to travel, where to travel, and when to rest. Could David do the same for Israel? Was that the role of the king?

This world has its own way of looking at just about every subject. More often than not, without consulting God, or asking how to do things. What does God have to do to get His view across?

When David changed his plans and left the Ark on Obed-edom’s property, God blessed him. God didn’t direct where He wanted the Ark, but seeing David think about what he did was enough for God. What does that tell us about God? Even when we make mistakes, blessings come when we think about what we did wrong, and how we left God out of the decision. David reestablished communication with God. That was a step in the right direction.

Leviticus 16:15-17 Enter The Holy Place Once a Year

Leviticus 16:15-17 KJV Then shall he kill the goat of the sin offering, that is for the people, and bring his blood within the vail, and do with that blood as he did with the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it upon the mercy seat, and before the mercy seat: (16) And he shall make an atonement for the holy place, because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and because of their transgressions in all their sins: and so shall he do for the tabernacle of the congregation, that remaineth among them in the midst of their uncleanness. (17) And there shall be no man in the tabernacle of the congregation when he goeth in to make an atonement in the holy place, until he come out, and have made an atonement for himself, and for his household, and for all the congregation of Israel.

Leviticus 16:34 KJV And this shall be an everlasting statute unto you, to make an atonement for the children of Israel for all their sins once a year. And he did as the LORD commanded Moses.

This should be one of the most familiar prophecies Jesus fulfilled. The majority of Hebrews explains how Jesus fulfilled this and a number of other prophecies once He entered the Heavenly Sanctuary. The disciples were given the prophecies Jesus fulfilled to preach to the world. The beginning of their ministry was filled with the revelation of one after another prophecy which came to light as they studied scripture and remembered all the experiences they went through with Jesus. As the prophecies unfolded in God’s time, the disciples were able to build faith for all new believers as they were guided by the Spirit to the same prophecies. Many people who went to hear Jesus teach and followed Him began experiencing a new understanding of the scriptures. The number of disciples grew as they shared scripture and their eyewitness accounts of how it was fulfilled by Jesus. When the time was right, God sent another witness to explain one of the most important prophecies about Jesus and His ministry within the Heavenly Sanctuary. Piece by piece the plan of salvation was coming to view with such a force it forged a unity within the new church that would reshape the world’s view of the Messiah. The book of Hebrews explains how the symbols used in the Tabernacle pointed to Jesus’ ministry in the Heavenly sanctuary.

Hebrews 9:7 NLTse But only the high priest ever entered the Most Holy Place, and only once a year. And he always offered blood for his own sins and for the sins the people had committed in ignorance.

Hebrews 9:8-10 NLTse By these regulations the Holy Spirit revealed that the entrance to the Most Holy Place was not freely open as long as the Tabernacle and the system it represented were still in use. (9) This is an illustration pointing to the present time. For the gifts and sacrifices that the priests offer are not able to cleanse the consciences of the people who bring them. (10) For that old system deals only with food and drink and various cleansing ceremonies–physical regulations that were in effect only until a better system could be established.

Hebrews 9:11-12 NLTse So Christ has now become the High Priest over all the good things that have come. He has entered that greater, more perfect Tabernacle in heaven, which was not made by human hands and is not part of this created world. (12) With his own blood –not the blood of goats and calves–he entered the Most Holy Place once for all time and secured our redemption forever.

Prophecies of Jesus
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Aaron entered the Most Holy only once a year. This is where the ark resided in God’s presence. It was a responsibility only he as high priest could perform. God appointed Aaron high priest to minister in the Tabernacle according to the services handed down through Moses. God also gave Moses the pattern for the clothing Aaron was to wear.

As the day approached the weight of the responsibility grew on Aaron. He thought about every detail of the clothes he would wear, the sequence he would follow to dress and every detail of the ceremony. At last the morning arrived. His mind went over every detail of the ceremony he was about to perform, including his walk into the Most Holy place. Before he could begin, he first had to first wash and dress.

As Aaron stood in silence preparing his mind for the ceremony ahead, his sons moved in an ordered process preparing the chest piece, ephod, robe, patterned tunic, turban, and sash, for their father, the high priest.

First to go on was the ephod made of finely woven linen and skillfully embroidered with gold, blue, purple, and scarlet thread. The ephod’s collar was stitched in layers to ensure it would never tear. Aaron felt its weight rest against his chest as his sons lowered it over his head. The matching sash was tied around his waist as Aaron stared in space, thinking about the work a number of people put into the garments. What went through their minds as they stitched each pattern knowing they would be worn in God’s presence?

Aaron studied the detail of the breastplate as his son carried it to his father and placed it over his chest. Aaron went over the twelve names written on the twelve jewels and engraved on the two onyx stones he wore over his heart. He know they represented not only Jacob’s twelve sons, but all Israel. Aaron thought of the questions he and Moses brought to God, waiting for Him to answer though the Urim and Thummim.

Aaron’s sons moved in military like precision as they fastened the breastplate with blue and gold threads through the series of gold rings. Once the breast plate was fastened, Aaron heard the bells of the robe as his sons approached from behind. Aaron put his arms back as his sons drew the robe upon his shoulders, then placed the turban with matching blue, red, and purple embroidery upon his head. Finally the medallion was fastened to the front of Aaron’s turban with a blue cord. Aaron was now ready to minister before God.

When we study the Old Testament we see how Aaron dressed and served God in the earthly Tabernacle. God’s original plan was to make Israel a kingdom of priests. When they turned down God’s offer, He choose the tribe of Levi for the role of priests, appointing Aaron high priest. Jesus gave us a second chance to reclaim the offer when He opened the way to the throne of God to each and every one of us.


It seems no one had more trouble understanding Jesus’ mission on earth than Peter. What separated Peter from the other disciples was his questions. Like the others, Peter did not understand God’s plan of salvation until after Jesus’ death, resurrection, and ascension to Heaven. On Pentecost Peter stood up boldly to preach Jesus and the prophecies He fulfilled during His ministry on earth. Peter could see the promises Jesus fulfilled, forgiving our sins, over coming death, opening the path to a complete and personal relationship with God, and one more. The promise of a royal priesthood, a holy nation, God’s very own possession. As a result, you can show others the goodness of God, for he called you out of the darkness into his wonderful light. (1 Peter 2:9 NLTse).

What is a fulfillment of the role of priest in God’s Kingdom? How many people are studying Jesus’ role as High Priest? Many call Jesus a model, our model. How many people study Jesus’ model as High Priest? How far are we willing to go to fulfill the role of priest in God’s Kingdom? Or is this generation finding a new excuse to turn down God’s invitation again?